The General Aviation Pilots Flying Resource

Commercial Pilot

Commercial Pilot – Airplane
The minimum required flight time is 250 hours and one must:

  • Be at least 18 years of age.
  • Be able to speak, read, write, and understand English.
  • Hold at least a private pilot certificate.
  • Minimum of 100 hours of powered aircraft flight time.
  • Minimum of 100 hours of pilot-in-command flight time.
  • 50 hours in cross-country flight time.
  • 10 hours of instrument training.
  • 10 hours of training in an airplane that has a retractable landing gear, flaps, and a controllable pitch propeller.
  • 5 hours in night VFR conditions.
  • 2-hour cross country flight daytime & 2-hour cross country flight nighttime.
  • Other hour requirements in cross-country and with instructor for flight test prep.
  • Pass an FAA commercial pilot knowledge test and practical (flight) test.


  • Carrying persons or property for compensation or hire.


  • Without an Instrument Rating, on cross-country flights in excess of 50 nautical miles or at night is prohibited.
  • Single-engine only, Multi-engine requires multi-engine rating and additional hour requirements.

Note* These descriptions are changed for quick reference only and not intended to replace the complete FARs available at: FARs Pilot Certificates


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