The General Aviation Pilots Flying Resource

Instrument & Multi-Engine

Instrument Rating -Airplane
Requirements [FAR Part 61.65]:

  • Hold at least a current private pilot certificate appropriate to instrument rating sought.
  • Read, speak, write and understand English.
  • Meet aeronautical experience per Part 61.65(d)
  • 50 hours of PIC cross-country: at least 10 hours in airplanes AND
  • 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument, at least
  • 15 hours of dual instrument training in aircraft category for instrument rating sought.
  • At least one cross-country under IFR and consists of at least 250 nm along airways or ATC directed route, instrument approach at each airport and 3 different types of instrument approaches.
  • Logbook endorsement to take written exam.
  • Pass written exam.
  • Logbook endorsement to take practical exam.
  • Pass practical exam.

Multi-Engine Rating – Airplane
The multi-engine rating can:

  • Be an add-on to a current pilot certificate of private and above.
  • The multi-engine rating typically requires 10 hours of flight instruction.
  • A Knowledge test (written) is not required.
  • The FAA requires an instructor endorsement and a practical test.
  • The practical (flight) test includes a detailed oral test.
  • Pilots may take their original private pilot or other practical tests in a multi-engine airplane, in which case they will be subject to additional experience requirements. Pilot certificates obtained in such a manner will not include single engine piloting privileges.

Note* These descriptions are changed for quick reference only and not intended to replace the complete FARs available at: FARs Additional Ratings