The General Aviation Pilots Flying Resource

Student Pilot

Student Pilot Certificate

  • Be at least 16years old.
  • Be able to speak, read, write, and understand English.
  • Have a valid U.S. driver’s license while seeking a Light Sport Certificate, or a third class airman’s medical prior to solo flight while seeking a Recreational or Private Certificate.

With a Student Pilot Certificate and instructor endorsements you are allowed to:

  • Fly solo with instructor endorsement in the past90 days.
  • Fly in class B, C, D airspace – special instructor endorsement past 90 days.
  • Fly solo cross country – with instructor endorsement every time.

A student pilot may not fly an aircraft:

  • Carrying a passenger;
  • For business or compensation or hire.
  • On an international flight.
  • With low visibility of less than 3 statute miles during day or 5 statute miles at night.
  • Without visual reference to the ground.
  • Contrary to any limitations placed in the pilot’s logbook by an authorized instructor.
  • A student pilot may not act as a required pilot flight crewmember on any aircraft for which more than one pilot is required.

A student pilot seeking a sport pilot certificate must comply with the above limitations and additionally may not act as pilot in command:

  • Of an aircraft other than a light-sport aircraft.
  • At night.
  • At an altitude of more than 10,000 feet MSL or 2,000 feet AGL, whichever is higher.
  • In Class B, C, and D airspace, at an airport located in Class B, C, or D airspace, and to, from, through, or on an airport having an operational control tower without having received the ground and flight training and an endorsement from an authorized instructor.
  • Of a light-sport aircraft without having received the applicable ground training, flight training, and instructor endorsements.

Note* These descriptions are changed for quick reference only and not intended to replace the complete FARs available at: FARs Pilot Certificates


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